What is Azoospermia? Its Causes, Symptoms, and Cure

What is Azoospermia? Its Causes, Symptoms, and Cure


Azoospermia is a condition, in which a man has no sperm left in his body; thus, during ejaculation, he has nothing in his body. This problem can be a cause of blockage in the reproductive tract of a man, or he has ejaculation problems; or hormonal problems in him. But the good news is that most of the causes of the problem are able to be cured; with the right treatments. While in other cases the only left option for reproduction; if the couple wants is to use the Assistive Reproductive technology; which can make the use of a live sperm or a donor sperm. So, to get a detailed guide of the symptoms and the cure of Azoospermia; check down the article till the end.

Different Types of Azoospermia-

There are mainly two broad categories of Azoospermi found in men; which are as follows-

  1. Obstructive azoospermia– In this azoospermia, either there is a blockage or a connection missing in vas deferens, epididymis or somewhere else in the reproductive tract. So, this means that the body is producing the sperm, but due to a blockage, it is unable to get out of the body.
  2. Nonobstructive azoospermia– In this condition of azoospermia, the body is not able to produce or generate sperms, as there is a defect in the testicles or there are some other underlying causes.

Some of The Causes of Azoospermia-

The causes of azoospermia directly depend on the type of azoospermia a man is suffering from. So, the causes can be different for obstructive and non-obstructive azoospermia.

If a blockage is causing azoospermia in you; then it is generally caused because of an obstruction in the epididymis, vas deferens, or ejaculatory ducts. However, the blockages in these areas can be caused due to any of the following-

    1. Trauma or injury in any of the above-mentioned areas.
    2. Due to Infections or inflammations.
    3. Development of cyst or surgery in the pelvic area.
    4. If you have been through the procedure of Vasectomy; which is done to die your vas deferens.
    5. If there has been a gene mutation process; which causes abnormal development of vas deferens; or the semen is blocked because of the thick secretion of vas deference.azoospermia treatment, Causes, Symptoms


Non- obstructive Causes of Azoospermia-

  1. Some genetic causes can also cause the problem of Non-obstructive azoospermia.
  1. Kallmann syndrome- Infertility is a cause of a genetic disorder of the X chromosome; which is not treated in time.
  2. Klinefelter’s syndrome-If a man carries an extra X chromosome, which results in the making of the XXY chromosome then the XY chromosome; can also lead to infertility in men.
  3. Y chromosome deletion- If the Y chromosomes are missing then it can also cause infertility in men.

2. If you have some hormonal imbalances which include hypogonadotropic hypogonadism.

3. Ejaculation problems such as retrograde ejaculation. In which the sperm goes back into the bladder of man.

4. Some of the testicular causes of Non-obstructive azoospermia are-

  1. Absence of testicles.
  2. If the testicles are not able to produce sperm.
  3. Tumours or testicles torsion.
  4. Testicles are not able to produce a living or mature sperm.
  5. Treatments by radiations in the body.
  6. If you suffer from the diseases such as kidney failure, diabetes, or kidney failure.
  7. The veins which come out of the testicles are widened or dilated.

How is Azoospermia Diagnosed?

If your sperm on two different occasions show no sperm production; when they are studied under a powerful microscope and follow the spin in the centrifuge. A centrifuge is a laboratory device that spins and separates a sample into various parts by spinning. So, if in the semen the sperms are present they separate out and can be seen under a microscope.

Also, apart from this procedure, the doctor can take your medical history; and can ask you some of the following questions-

  1. Your fertility success and failure and the history.
  2. Any childhood illnesses of yours.
  3. If you have had any injuries in the pelvic area in past.
  4. Any history of sexually transmitted diseases, or radiation therapy.
  5. history and your current medications; any alcohol or drug abuse.
  6. Your recent fevers, and knowledge about your recent steam bath or saunas.
  7. If you have a family history of birth defects; like cystic fibrosis or reproductive failure.

Treatment of Azoospermia-

Although the major part of the treatment of Azoospermia depends on the cause of the problem. However, counselling and genetic testing are two major parts of the solution to azoospermia. However, the treatment of azoospermia is as follows-

  1. If there is a blockage in your tubes then, generally surgery is done to remove them. And sometimes the tubes are reconstructed too.
  2. Low hormone treatment can be treated by giving the patient; hormone-producing drugs such as clomiphene, anastrozole and letrozole.
  3. By using the procedure of biopsy; sometimes the sperms can be taken from the testicles directly.

If a person is suffering from the problem of azoospermia; and wants to have a baby. Then sometimes the doctors retrieve the sperms directly from the testicles; if they are present. And then by using ART technology they can enjoy parenthood.

How to Avoid the Condition of Azoospermia-

If the problem of azoospermia is because of genetic disorders; then you can personally do anything. However, if the problem is problem is not due to a genetic condition. You can do the following things to prevent yourself from the problem of azoospermia.

  1. Do not do activities that may injure the reproductive organs of the body.
  2. Check your medications as they can also cause risk to sperm productions.
  3. Avoid exposure of testes in hot temperatures.
  4. Do not expose to radiation.

Take away-

Sexual and intimate problems are very common these days. However, these problems take a lot of mental toll on the person who suffers from them. So, to get a permanent and effective solution to all your intimate and sexual problems. You can check out the online portal of Ohman. Which provides dhatu rog ki allopathic medicine & semen problems medicines that can help you deal with azoospermia.  For any other information and details about the store and products; you can check it out on “Ohman“.

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