Orchitis: Symptoms, Causes, Prevention and Treatment

Orchitis: Symptoms, Causes, Prevention and Treatment


Usually, men are affected by orchitis. It is inflammation of one or both testicles. However, due to infection, this disease improves in the genital area of men. In fact, both testicles of men are affected at the same time due to this disease. However, the leading cause of this disease is bacteria. Sometimes it also occurs due to a specific type of virus. Besides this, the symptom always shows in one testicle. Mostly it is a mumps virus infection.

However, due to orchitis, the bacteria spread somewhere in the body through blood. By the way, orchitis help to progress epididymitis. Moreover, epididymitis is a disease that leads to the infection of tubes that carries semen out of the testicles. Thus it is called epididymo-orchitis.

Generally, there are many treatments, and home remedies are available to avoid this disease. The treatments help to cure the disease fully and allow men to stay infection-free from bacteria or a virus.

In this article, you will find the causes, symptoms, and treatment details. Here you can also learn about the creation of orchitis-epididymitis in the human body. Let’s know the details below.

Relationship between Orchitis and Epididymitis

Moreover, orchitis and epididymitis are two different diseases found in men’s testicles. But sometimes, it improves the growth of epididymitis, called orchitis epididymitis. Here you find the relation them.


Often epididymitis causes swelling and pain in the back of the testicles. However, this disease leads to carrying out semen from the coiled tube. It is a long-term disease, and the leading cause of this disease is bacteria. However, in this disease, the testicles of men turn red in color. It causes severe pain in the epididymis.

However, orchitis is inflammation in one or both testicles of the men. It occurs due to bacteria or a virus. Often it happens suddenly and goes with the treatment.

Relationship of Orchitis and Epididymitis

Moreover, orchitis bacteria help to improve epididymitis. Besides this, the inflammation in the coiled tube (epididymis) increases due to these bacteria. Thus the semen is carried out from that tube. Therefore this disease is called epididymo-orchitis.


Symptoms and Causes of Orchitis

Orchitis symptoms

Generally, you can easily detect orchitis. However, it is acute, and you will feel severe pain in both your testicles. And also, the bacteria of orchitis spread in the groin so that you feel inflammations in your testicles. Besides these other orchitis symptoms are described below:-

  1. However, your testicles appear tender, swollen, and red or purple.
  2. You also feel heavy in the swollen testicle.
  3. Sometimes you will find blood in your semen.
  4. Another symptom of orchitis is high fever.
  5. Most of the time, you feel nausea, and vomiting occurs.
  6. Additionally, you feel pain while urinating.
  7. Sometimes you also feel pain from straining with a bowel movement.
  8. Further, you feel severe pain with intercourse.

 There are many causes of this disease. Let’s know what these are.


However, orchitis causes due to bacteria, Such as Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus, and Streptococcus. Another cause of orchitis is sexual transmission disease bacteria. When men are sexually active with many partners, bacteria like gonorrheachlamydia, and syphilis are transmitted to the testicles. Most of the time, men from 19 to 35 have a high risk of its transmission through intercourse.

Another leading cause of orchitis is the mumps virus. However, it is common in young boys. This virus mainly affects boys under 10. After that, It begins in just 4 to 6 days. Thus it is essential to vaccinate the boys against the mumps virus.

Treatment and Diagnosis

Orchitis treatment

Medical science develops many treatments for orchitis. However, a man can treat it with antibiotics for ten days. Orchitis treatment takes a long time of medication when your prostate is involved. Moreover, if you feel high fever, vomiting, and illness, you need to be hospitalized and have to take direct antibiotics in your veins.

However, mumps virus takes one to three weeks to clear. The proper medication and prevention will help to decrease this disease. Additionally, young, sexually active persons have to use protection during intercourse to avoid it.

Let’s know what diagnosis is available for it.

Doctor’s advise for an ultrasound of the inflamed testicles to figure out orchitis. Sometimes you may have to test your urine to find out the infections. However, you can also check your prostate for infections. In fact, you need to test your blood for HIV and syphilis.

Management and prevention tips after treatment

After the orchitis treatment, men must take some prevention to avoid this disease. Orchitis management is necessary to decrease the risk of this disease. Here are the prevention tips below.

  • Avoid high-risk sex, where you may expose to STDs.
  • Use condoms during sexual intercourse to lower the risk of STDs.
  • Ensure vaccination for mumps virus and avoid it.
  • After 50 yearly examines your prostate to prevent this disease.

Bottom line

Especially orchitis leads to infertility so that the correct treatment and prevention need to avoid this disease. In the final analysis, if you delay its treatment, you have long-term damages to your testicles. Thus use the correct antibiotic to treat it.

At Ohman, you can get the option of consulting experienced doctors who can offer proper online consultation, provide proper treatment plan for your underlying cause, and offer the right medication. Moreover, you can buy a range of medications from the platform for your sexual health and wellness.


How do you treat orchitis?

Ans : However, you have to take antibiotics for ten days to treat it. Additionally, it would help if you vaccinated yourself for the mumps virus. Try to have safer intercourse and hygiene to avoid further infections and diseases.

What are orchitis and its treatment?

Ans : Generally, it is a inflammation of one or both testicles. It is an infection that occurs due to bacteria or a virus. To avoid this disease, you need proper medication and take antibiotics as per the doctor’s advice. And also, take vaccination to avoid mumps virus.

What is the difference between orchitis and epididymitis?

Ans : It is a the inflammation of testicles, while epididymitis is an inflammation of the coiled tube (epididymis). Orchitis with epididymitis carries out the semen from coiled tubes. This leads to infertility.

Is orchitis an emergency?

Ans : Yes, it is an emergency and a very dangerous disease. If you do not take proper treatment, you face infertility. And also, you may lose your testicles. Sometimes the severe illness causes death.

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