Different Type of Sexual Dysfunction : Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Different Type of Sexual Dysfunction : Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

sexual dysfunction

Sexual dysfunction could refer to any problem that stops couples or individuals from enjoying sexual activities. About 43 percent of women and 31% of males complain about experiencing sexual disorders.

Although research indicates that sexual problems are common, many people aren’t comfortable discussing them. Since treatment options are readily accessible, you should consult your concerns with your spouse and healthcare professional. Sexual dysfunction can impact the quality of your life and, perhaps more important could be the first sign of a mental or medical issue. Sexual complaints are essential to be investigated and assessed.

All ages suffer from sexual dysfunction. However, experiencing it increases with age in both men and women.

Categories Of Sexual Dysfunction

There are four general categories of sexual dysfunction, and these shouldn’t be considered a problem unless it occurs regularly and affects your sexual life.

1. Desire disorders

These conditions, which impact sexual interest and passion, are sometimes referred to as libido disorders or decreased libido. Low estrogen in women and testosterone imbalances in males may cause low libido. Further, some medical problems, relationship issues, restlessness, depression, anxiety, etc., can lower libido.

2. Arousal disorders

Both men and women may experience these conditions, making it extremely difficult to feel sexually aroused. Erectile dysfunction is perhaps the most frequent problem occurs in males due to arousal issues. When someone has an arousal problem, the male or the female may be engaged in sexual engagement but unable to derive satisfaction from the intercourse.

3. Orgasm Disorders

These sexual disorders, which involve the lack of climax or a prolonged orgasm, are typical in women, but males may also experience them. Painful sexual activity, stress, weariness, hormonal fluctuations, and diminished desire may result in a postponed or incomplete orgasm.

4. Pain Disorders

Both men and women may experience discomfort during sexual activity, which may cause sexual dysfunction. So, pain in women could be due to vaginal dryness, vaginismus (a disorder affecting the vaginal walls), urinary tract infections (UTIs), hormone imbalances during the menopausal stage, pelvic congestion syndrome or other disorders. Further, men may have discomfort due to Peyronie’s disease, UTIs, prostatitis, genital herpes, and skin problems.

The Symptoms Of Sexual Dysfunction

Depending on the underlying cause and kind of dysfunction, sexual dysfunction signs may present in various ways. So, some of the most common sexual problems in men and women indicators/symptoms include:

In men:

  • Incapability to get or sustain an erection adequate for sexual activity (erectile dysfunction).
  • Absence or delay of ejaculation despite adequate sexual excitement (retarded ejaculation).
  • Failure to regulate ejaculatory time (early or premature ejaculation).

In women:

  • Incapability to reach orgasm
  • Insufficient vaginal lubrication before and during sexual activity.
  • Incapability to relax the vaginal walls sufficiently to conduct the sexual activity.
  • Dyspareunia – Pain associated with sexual activity, which may be due to the contraction of the vaginal wall or infection of the vulva (vulvodynia)

Some common signs in males and women:

  • Lack of sexual interest or drive.
  • Inability to arouse oneself.
  • Pain associated with sexual activity.

Sexual Dysfunction In Men & Women Causes

There are numerous reasons for experiencing sexual dysfunction in men and women, and the reasons are classified into two parts: physical and psychological.

Physical Causes

Several physical factors contribute to sexual disorders. For instance, the following disorders and conditions might cause sexual dysfunction:

  • Urological diseases or cancer
  • Diabetes
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • elevated blood pressure
  • elevated cholesterol
  • Hormonal abnormalities
  • pelvic congestion syndrome
  • Alcohol dependency
  • Drug dependency
  • Neurological diseases
  • Chronic illnesses, including kidney failure
  • Nerve injury

Many drugs, particularly blood pressure meds and antidepressants, and recreational drug usage, may interfere with proper sexual function. Further, some medical therapies may also impact sexual function. Certain surgical treatments, for instance, might induce nerve injury that can impair sexual function.

Psychological Reasons

Numerous individuals suffer from sexual dysfunction resulting from psychological causes. Worrying about sexual function, sense of guilt regarding sex drive and interaction, relationship issues, anxiety, pressure, anxiety, consciousness or self-esteem concerns, and previous sexual trauma, like sexual assault, molestation, or a bad sexual encounter, can all negatively impact sexual performance.

Various medications may influence libido (desire) and the capacity to get excited or have an orgasmic experience. Additionally, when a patient takes numerous drugs, the likelihood of sexual adverse effects increases. Certain over-the-counter antihistamines and decongestants may induce impotence or ejaculatory difficulties.

Sexual Disorders Diagnosing

A physical examination is sufficient for diagnosing any sexual problem. If you experience signs of sexual disorders, you must see a doctor. So, once a diagnosis completes, your physician will identify the reason or causes of your sexual disorder so that they can plan a sexual dysfunction treatment.

The first session will generally include:

  • Medical and sexual history review.
  • Medical examination.
  • A discussion of complaints and concerns.

Moreover, your physician may also propose diagnostic testing to identify or exclude medical disorders that might contribute to or aggravate the sexual dysfunction.

Further, your doctor will ask about your thoughts and beliefs on establishing sexual relations or any past incident contributing to your present sexual life. Further, the doctor might ask if any phobias, anxieties, or prior accidents that might contribute to sexual dysfunction.

Your doctor could also ask you about your beliefs and attitudes towards sex and sexuality and if you have any phobias, anxieties, or prior traumatic experiences that might contribute to sexual dysfunction. Moreover, it is reasonable that many individuals find it humiliating to disclose their sexual experience and sex life with anybody, and however, it’s nothing to be shy about. Sexual dysfunction is a common condition, and there is possible female and male sexual dysfunction treatment.

Sexual Dysfunction Treatment In Men & Women

Any man or woman experiencing sexual dysfunction should note that available treatments can address their sexual disorders. Both physical and psychological reasons for sexual disorders have solutions, and you may observe significant improvement in your sexual concerns.

Typically, sexual dysfunction is addressed by rectifying or treating the underlying cause or conditions causing it. If the reason is physical, medicines or mechanical assistance will likely help you. If the issue is psychological, counseling, therapy, behavioral interventions, and sex education may be effective treatments. Further, some individuals with sexual problems may have medical and psychological reasons requiring both therapies.

Below is some possible sexual dysfunction treatment.

Medication and medical care

If a medical problem is the cause of your disorder, your physician will work with you to address the issue. So, a  hormone imbalance is a frequent cause. Both men and women can opt for hormone treatment like testosterone replacement therapy after consulting the doctor to restore their normal hormone functioning. Further, other medications, that contains antidepressants like Viagra (sildenafil), may help in fight with stress & enhance blood flow to the genitals.

If any medication contributes to your sexual dysfunction, your doctor might recommend altering the prescribed medicine. As a result, it won’t interfere with your sexual performance.

By boosting blood flow to the penis, medications such as sildenafil, vardenafil, tadalafil, and avanafil may enhance sexual performance in men. However, you must consult with doctors to get the exact dosage.

If any medications don’t work, the doctor might prescribe self-administered penile injections to help treat sexual dysfunction. By easing the smooth muscle of the blood vessels, the blood vessels widen, and blood fills the penis. In most circumstances, injections for erectile dysfunction must not be taken with oral drugs for erectile dysfunction that function similarly.

Doctors might prescribe hormone medication for women, although the medicines aren’t authorized.


Men who have trouble achieving or sustaining an erection may succeed using vacuum pump for ed or penile pumps. So these devices work by drawing blood flow to your genitals, resulting in a firm erection. In the case of any male with penile deformity, penile implants are possible. Further, if any man has Peyronie’s Disease, then penile traction devices can work in reducing the curvature due to this disorder.

Vaginal constriction may be alleviated with the use of dilators. Further, enhancing sexual pleasure and climaxes such as vibrators can be beneficial.


Psychotherapy and sex therapy are effective treatments for the psychological causes of sexual dysfunction. Counselors may assist individuals in overcoming fear, tension, anxiety, prior trauma, self‐esteem concerns, and other obstacles to a satisfying sexual life. Additionally, sexual therapists may also assist couples with sexual difficulties. Further, sex therapists may help couples resolve issues in a manner that most doctors cannot.

Psychologists and sex psychologists may propose sex education, establishing communication and sexual preferences, and behavioral therapies that may resolve underlying difficulties and assist individuals and couples in discovering practical approaches.

Sex Education & Communication

Educating on sex and sexual behaviors and responses may help overcome sexual function-related anxiety. Having open communication with your spouse about your wants and worries also assists in overcoming several obstacles to a good sexual life.

Bottom Line

Note that moderate dysfunction caused by stress, fear, or worry may frequently be effectively resolved with therapy, education, and increased relationship communication. To enhance your sex life, you must be committed and play an active part in keeping your health in good condition. Further, sexual dysfunction occurs in most individuals at some point, and if the issue persists, you should get assistance.

We at Ohman help males in treating various sexual dysfunction. Further, we understand how frustrating it is to deal with sexual problems. Hence, we offer online consultation. Ohman has experts who can effectively address any medical condition and offer the best erectile dysfunction medicinespremature ejaculation medicines, and several other medications.

Don’t let sexual disorders take over your sex life. The Ohman experts are here to help you. Book an online consultation today.

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